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Birmingham and Solihull Mental health NHS Foundation Trust
Better Together

Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, with around 60% of all dementia being caused by Alzheimer's disease.

It is a physical disease affecting the brain. During the course of the disease ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’ develop in the structure of the brain, leading to the death of brain cells.

Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease, which means that gradually, over time, more parts of the brain are damaged. This leads to severe memory loss, including not understanding what time of day it is, or knowing what day, month or even year it is.

Alzheimer's disease

This can be very frightening, and can lead to changes in mood, and a loss of confidence and interest in life. The person seems to go into their own world, neglecting everyday tasks and the people around them.   As the disease progresses, people with Alzheimer’s will need more support from those who care for them. Eventually they will need help with all their daily activities.

Becoming forgetful does not necessarily mean that you have dementia. Memory loss can be an effect of ageing, and can also be a sign of stress or depression.  If you are worried about yourself, or someone close to you, you should discuss your concerns with your GP. It is very important to get a proper diagnosis.


The following links below offer more detailed information and advice on a wide range of mental health conditions:

Alzheimer's Society


Royal College of Psychiatrists

The Mental Health Foundation

NHS Choices